The Compliance Evaluation Procedure of CCAMLR: Current Problems and Proposals for Improvement


The purpose of this paper is to present some difficulties faced by the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) in the implementation of its Compliance Evaluation Procedure (CEP) and to propose possible solutions. The article is divided into two parts: the first presents some key definitions in compliance and implementation, together with a brief description of the work of the Standing Committee on Implementation and Compliance as a subsidiary body of CCAMLR. The second part describes the compliance procedure as important tool for promoting compliance and implementation with respect to CCAMLR members, identifying problems in their application and possible options for improvements. Behind the several difficulties identified looms one major issue that was once seen as a primary strength of CCAMLR: the rule of consensus.

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